Along the Silk Road

Along the Silk Road

Discover the best of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgystan & Kazakhstan

Highlights of this 27-days Silk Road Tour:
– Ashgabat and surroundings, the contrasts between modern megalomania, excavations and tribalism
– the important excavation sites Merv and Konye Urgench in Turkmenistan
– the Darwaza gas crater
– in Uzbekistan the classic and legendary Silk Road towns of Khiva, Bukhara and Samarkand
– small handicraft factories in the Fergana Valley in Uzbekistan
– driving across beautiful Kyrgystan and experiencing nomadic life at Lake Son Kul
– the nature parks in Almaty Province in Kazakhstan; Altyn Emel, Charyn and Kolsai
– wonderful empty steppe in the border area of Kyrgystan & Kazakhstan with more horses than people
– the quiet south side of Lake Issyk Kul in Kyrgystan with a yurt camp, a canyon and swimming opportunities
– during the whole tour, accommodation in cosy guesthouses, homestays and yurts

This program visits some of the absolute highlights of the four countries, and makes good sense logistically. The heart of the four countries is felt; the historical treasures in Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, the variety of landscapes and nomadic culture of Kazakhstan and Kyrgystan. We believe the variety of the program is what makes it stand out.

The number of kilometers, or the number of hours, spent  in a car or minibus is thereby minimized. The pace is high, but there are several moments included when you take an easy day. Finally, of course adapting the program is possible. Just write to us and ask.

In 2019 having a visa is necessary for most visitors only for Turkmenistan. But it depends on your nationality, please check it out or inquire with us.

Tour description

A 27-day tour program in Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgystan and Kazakhstan. Varied and intensive. The journey takes you along the historic highlights of particularly Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, and the overwhelming nature and nomadic people in Kyrgystan and Kazakhstan.
You travel by 4WD, car or minibus, on foot or possibly by horse, with twice a journey by train. Three times you will be staying two nights in the same place, the other days just one night.

The start is in Turkmenistan, with a special focus on the archaeological sites of Nisa, Merv and Konye Urgench, as well as the intriguing capital Ashgabat and some bizarre places in the Kopet Dag Mountains. You cross the Karalkum desert by car to Konye Urgench, but halfway stop for a night of camping atb the notorious, burning gas crater of Darzawa.
From Konye Urgench, the next day, and one night in the city of Dashoguz, you cross into nearby Uzbekistan on day 6.

First destination is the ancient city of Khiva. Additionally you visit in Uzbekistan of course also include Bukhara (two nights) and Samarkand, pearls of the Silk Road. Via a short visit in Tashkent you’ll cross the mountains into the Fergana Valley. Apart from its history, including the cities of Kokand and Fergana, you will have the chance to witness some handycraft workshops, in which the Uzbeks are very talented.

On day 13 it’s a small drive through from Fergana across the border to the city of Osh in Kyrgystan. The next days you trip will get more adventurous and rougher, travelling in the mountains and staying with nomads on a journey through the heart of the country via the Son Kul Lake to the south side of the Issyk Kul Lake (please have a swim). The provincial town of Karakol will provide some much-needed comfort, before heading into Kazakhstan by a picturesque border crossing in the Karkara valley, populated in summer by nomads with their herds and living in their yurts. Since 2013 this border crossing is open again (if only in summer) and we thankfully make use of that possibility.

In Kazakhstan our first destination is the village of Saty, providing a good starting point for our hike – you may also ride a horse – to the second Kolsai Lake. We stay two nights in the friendly homestay in Saty.
Onwards we go, via Charyn Canyon and the Altyn Emel national reserve to the city of Almaty, finally staying once more in a real hotel! After an excursion in the city we join the nighttrain to Astana, the new and extravagant capital of Kazakhstan 1,300 more kms to the north, where our journey ends.

Day 1

Wedding in Ashgabat

You fly to Ashgabat, the capital of Turkmenistan, for the start of your Silk Road journey. On arrival, and often in the night or early morning of the next day, in case you have not picked it up, you will apply for your Turkmen visa at the airport with the invitation letter we have arrange for you.

Outside the airport you will be met by a driver with a name tag and taken to your hotel in the city. Ashgabat is 10 km from the airport.


Day 2

day travel distance: 50 kms

Empty streets in the new part of Ashgabat

Arrival at the airport of Ashgabat, usually at night or in the early morning. Transfer to your hotel (20 kms at most).

After some rest you will be offered a city tour in Ashgabat, including visits to the neutrality Arch, Independence Park, the National Museum, Nissa site (UNESCO), the Ahalteke and Lenin Monuments and Earthquake Memorial
You will be amazed by the many new, built entirely of white Italian marble, buildings in new parts of Ashgabat!

Day 3

day travel distance: 150 kms

Tribal cemetory in Nohur

Transfer to the remarkable village of Nohur in the Kopetdag Mountains, the natural border with Iran. On the way visits to the Turkmenbashi Mosque and Mausoleum, the Geok Depe Mosque and the underground lake (hot springs) of Kowata (swimming is possible).

Arrival in Nohur, populated by a people once arriving from Mesopotamia. It is said here is polygamy is still being practiced here, even allowed secretly during Soviet times! In the afternoon the village is being explored, including a visit to a tribal cemetery and a silk weaving workshop.

Return to Ashgabat and accommodation in your hotel.

Day 4

day travel distance: 75 kms

Merv, Turkmenistan

Today an early rise because we have to catch a flight to Mary T5-125 at 07:00 o’clock. (flight time and number may vary). Arrival in Mary at 07:40 o’clock. Transfer to Ancient Merv (27 km from Mary) and visits to: Erk Kala (VI century BC), Gyaur Kala (III century BC), Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar (XII century), Big and Small Kiz Kala (VI-VII century AD), Mausoleum of Muhammed ibn Zeid (XII century).

Followed by a visit of the History Museum in Mary, a beautiful new building with a stunning collection artefacts from nearby sites.

Back to the airport to catch the flight to Ashgabat T5-132 at 19:40 o’clock. Arrival in Ashgabat at 20:20 o’clock (flight time and number may vary). Transfer to the hotel and overnight.

Day 5

day travel distance: 200 kms

Darwaza gas crater, burning since 1974

In the morning excursions in Ashgabat (or leisure time if desired), after lunch a transfer to the infamous gas crater of Darwaza about halfway down the ‘highway’ from Ashgabat to the north, in the middle of the Karalkum desert.

The crater is burning since 1974, when unsuspected geologists believed to ‘just’ burn the gas, and it’s still on fire…
Nowadays, it is an extraordinary and surreal place to camp and that’s what we do today!

Day 6

day travel distance: 400 kms

Konye Urgench

You travel about 300 kms through the desert further north, almost into Uzbekistan. Here is the interesting historical site Urgench, a UNESCO protected area, with ruins of mosques, minarets and mausoleums from the time that Konye Urgench was the capital of Khorezm. The changing course of the river Amudarya (which happened frequently) was the reason that Konye Urgench eventually lost its importance.

At the end of the day transfer to Dashoguz (100 km) and accommodation in a hotel.

Day 7

Day travel distance: 100 kms

Highway between Ashgabat and Dashoguz

Nearby Dashoguz you will cross the border with Uzbekistan in the early morning. Border formalities should take in total about one hour.

In Uzbekistan, another driver will be awaiting you and transfer you to some 80 kms away Khiva. You will be checked into the hotel and after lunch will have plenty of time to explore the old town, accompanied by a guide.
Khiva is beautiful and impressive!


Day 8

day travel distance: 500 kms

Khiva from a minaret

A long drive through the Kyzyl Kum desert takes you from Khiva to Bukhara. Along the way you make a photo stop at the Amu Darya, the lifeblood of the area, and have lunch in an oasis. In this part of Uzbekistan, especially near Khiva, the effects of the drying up of the Aral Sea cannot be ignored; the landscape is covered with a thin layer of salt blown away from the bottom of the lake.

In Bukhara you will be accommodated in a guesthouse in the old town and have free time to het acquainted with it.
While Khiva is basically a (marvellous) open air museum, the old city of Bukhara is bustling and will give you a flavour of what life during the Silk Road times must have looked like.

Day 9

Day travel distance: 5 kms

Lyabi Hauz in Bukhara

You have the whole day for exploring Bukhara. The program today includes visits to: Ismael Samani mausoleum (9th-10th century), Chor-Minor, Chashma-Ayub Mausoleums (14th century), Bukhara local bazar. Jewish synagogue. Poli-Kalon ensemble with a minaret (12th century), mosque (15th century), functioning Miri-Arab Madrassah (16th century), Amir-Alim-Khan Madrassah (14c), Taqi (trading houses) Kukeldash Madrassah (16c).

And after lunch: Lyab-i-Hauz (17th century), Nadir Divanbegi (17th century), Magoki Attari (16th century), Ulug Beg (15th century), Abdul Aziz (17th century) Madrassahs. And visits to: the Registan Ensemble, Ark Fortress (16th century) and Bolo-Hauz complex (18th century).
Accommodation once more in a cosy guesthouse in Bukhara.

Day 10

day travel distance: 270 kms

Guesthouse in Samarkand

In the morning transfer by car or minibus to Samarkand; you will notice less desert than the previous route, and more agriculture. Uzbekistan produces an enormous amount of cotton and if you are traveling in the right season, you can work witness people labouring in the fields, perhaps lend them a hand, as well as visiting a cotton factory. You will also visit en route the Summer Palace of the last Emir and an old Karavansarai, from Rabat Malik.

Arrival in Samarkand around 14:00, accommodation and time for lunch. Leisure time in the afternoon.

Day 11

day travel distance: 320 kms

Registan Square in Samarkand

A day in Samarkand, with lots of blue after the brown of Bukhara. Samarkand is not only a legendary Silk Road city, is also a city with more Soviet influences, and much bigger than Bukhara. Also, unlike Bukhara’s relatively small old town, in Samarkand the distances between the great buildings are significant. You will visit today, if you keep up with it:
– Guri-Emir mausoleum where legendary Amir Temur and his family are buried.
– Registan Square-famous complex of three Madrasahs and the golden dome mosque.
– Bibi Khanum Mosque – the largest mosque ever building over in Central Asia, as a gift from Tamerlame’s wife to her husband!
– Siyab local bazaar – a unique chance to experience present life in Samarkand
– Shahi – Zinda necropolis, a sacred place and cemetery with the graves of Temured’s dynasty and the grave of a cousin of the Prophet Muhammad.
– The Observatory of Ulugbek – an incredible (really!) structure from the 15th century to study astronomy.
In the early evening transfer by a modern and fast train (3 hours) to the capital Tashkent. Transfer to a hotel and accommodation.

Day 12

day travel distance: 225 kms

Ulugbek Observatorium, Samarkand

Tashkent was the fourth largest city in the former Soviet Union, and is the capital of present-day Uzbekistan. The city was heavily damaged in 1966 by a powerful earthquake and still exudes the atmosphere of the Soviet Union for a large part. In the morning you will get to know the city in a tour.

In the afternoon a transfer to the Fergana Valley, the most fertile and densely populated part of the country, across a mountain ridge. The end station today is the city of Kokand. There you will visit a.o.  the restored palace of the last Khan of the Kokand state, which existed until 1876. (Even in 1917-1918, there was still an independent state Kokand!).

Day 13

day travel distance: 110 kms

Ceramics factory in the Fergana Valley

We move deeper into the Fergana valley today. You first visit a ceramics factory in Rishdan. Uzbeks excel in different types of crafts (wood, stone, silk, wool), and today you can enjoy it. You will also learn about the history of the valley.

After lunch you will visit the town of Margilan (near the city of Fergana), even for residents of Fergana a conservative stronghold. But, besides remarkably many bicycles (!) will find a very hospitable people and visit factories where silk is still woven the traditional way, even with machines that were used during World War II to manufacture parachutes!

You end up today in the city of Fergana, where you can explore the city, including the local bazaar and the historical museum.

Day 14

day travel distance: 150 kms

Bazar in Osh, Kyrgystan

The Kyrgyz city of Osh, also the main city of southwestern Kyrgyzstan, is situated on the edge of the Fergana Valley. Stalin here randomly drew up the borders with the result that on both sides of the border many Kyrgyz, Uzbeks and also Tadjiks now live. In addition there are many enclaves with inhabitants that belong to another country… A patchwork of people, and it is not surprising that sometimes there hase been are unrest in the valley.

You start the day in Fergana, Uzbekistan, cross the nearby border to Kyrgyzstan and arrive not much later in Osh. There you can visit among others the famous and enormous bazaar.
Accommodation in a hotel or homestay in Osh.

Day 15

day travel distance: 280 kms

En Route in Kyrgystan

The first day of a mini-tour of five days, right through the heart of Kyrgyzstan to the Issyk Kul lake. If you are travelling this route in the summer, between June and mid-September, you will also visit the Son Kul lake and the plateau with the same name, to witness the life of the summer nomads.

Today is the longest stage, and when you start at 9 am, including all stops en route, you’ll be arriving late afternoon in the town of Toktogul, located on a lake with the same name. A beautiful route through the canyon of the broad Naryn River.
Accommodation in a homestay in Toktugul.

Day 16

day travel distance: 250 kms

en route in Kyrgystan

Another day through the rugged mountain landscapes of central Kyrgyzstan, from Toktogul to Kyzyl Oy. The day is dedicated to enjoying the scenery, and to experience rural Kyrgyz life on the way. You cross a high pass, perhaps covered with snow, and at the end of the day you see red canyons.
Accommodation in the small town of Kyzyl Oy, after arrival in the afternoon, in a homestay.

Day 17

day travel distance: 170 kms

In the Yurt

Another day on the mountain landscapes of Kyrgyzstan, on the road to Son Kul lake (altitude 3,000 meters), where you arrive in the afternoon. Accommodation in a yurt. Dinner is included today.

Leisure time in the second part of the afternoon and in the evening.


Day 18

day travel distance: 20 kms

Son Kul Lake

Today no long transfers, but a relaxing day at the Son Kul lake plateau, experiencing life of the summer nomads at the lake and on the grasslands, at an altitude of 3,000 meters. You can go for a walk, ride a horse, or simply relax.

Overnight stay in a yurt. Today, lunch and dinner are included.



Day 19

day travel distance: 250 kms

The quiet south side of Issyk Kul

From the Son Kul lake, we start with the last ‘real’ mountain stage, through the town of Kochkor to the south side of the Issyk Kul Lake. Here you can feel free to take a dive in the crystal clear and fresh water, at one of the many quiet beaches. This is a world apart from the busy and popular beach resorts on the north side of the lake, where Kyrgyz and Kazakh holidaymakers enjoy the local equivalent of a Southern Europe all-inclusive beach holiday!

We end the day in a small yurtcamp near the lake and just after the town of Bokonbaeva. Dinner and accommodation.

Day 20

Day travel distance: 120 kms

Mosque-Temple in Karakol

We continue along the south side of Issyk Kul, passing and enjoying the red rock formations in the Jeti Oguz canyon, down to the town of Karakol. After a few days of simple (but nice!) overnights in yurts and tents, this is finally a more comfortable accommodation, in a homestay in this quiet town!

Short visits to the attractions of Karakol if time permits, or possibly the next day. These are the beautiful Russian Orthodox church and a Dungan mosque that looks more like a Chinese temple. Near Karakol is a park containing the tomb, a monument and museum dedicated to the Russian explorer Przwalsky.

Day 21

day travel distance: 200 kms

Kyrgyz-Kazakh border region grasslands

From Karakol we travel to the border crossing with Kazakhstan at Karkara, on a plateau where in summer the herds graze with nomads on their horses guarding them, living in yurts with their families. On on way you will see more horses than people!

Arrival in the village Saty, near the first Kolsai lake where you can walk and/or ride horse tomorrow. Overnight in a friendly Kazakh homestay.


Day 22

day travel distance: 30 kms

You can rent a horse and ride along the Kolsai Lakes

The three Kolsai lakes invite walking, horse riding, swimming and fishing. The first mountain lake is situated at 1800 meters and is the largest. The second is 9 kms away, including an increase of 450 meters, a challenging hike (and back!) for a day. Unless you opt for a spectacular horseback ride – not for cautious types!

You end the day in the homestay in Saty at the local Kazakh family.


Day 23

day travel distance: 200 kms

Charyn Canyon

You will first visit Charyn Canyon, certainly the most spectacular attraction in this area. An ideal place for hiking and having a picnic. Then to the Altyn Emel nature reserve further north, driving through mostly empty Kazakh steppe.

Accommodation and dinner in a homestay in the village of Basshi.




Day 24

day travel distance: 250 kms

Singing Dune in Altyn Emel

The Altyn Emel nature park north of Almaty mainly consists of semi-desert. Possible you will notice the interesting wildlife – wild donkeys and gazelles – and climb (or view) the Singing Dune, a huge sand mountain in the middle of a landscape where it stands out completely and where nobody knows how it got there.

Take note that can hear the famous singing sound of the dune when sliding down!

You end the day in the former capital of Almaty after a 5 hour drive from Altyn Emel to the city. Accommodation in a city hotel.

Day 25

day travel distance: 40 kms

Panorama from the top at Chymbulaq

A city tour is programmed after lunch, including visits to Panfilov Park and the Zenkov cathedral, the neighboring museum of traditional musical instruments, the Central Museum, and the mountains surrounding the Medeo sports complex. Almaty is situated beautifully against the backdrop of snow-capped mountains, which are visible throughout the year.

Return to the city, and, after dinner, transfer to the train station in order to catch the modern and fast nighttrain to Astana!

Day 26

day travel distance: 1,000 kms in a nighttrain

Modern Astana

In the early morning early you will arrive in Astana, and be transfered to a hotel.
Astana, the new capital of Kazakhstan – since 1997 – and it grows boisterous. It is the showcase of the new Kazakhstan and the new part of the city shows a a range of fantastic buildings. On the one hand, the city is similar to Ashgabat in Turkmenistan – your starting point-  in the sense of its concept, on the other hand the architecture is completely different.

There is also attention to the old Astana but especially the new part is interesting. If time permits you will also visit the museum Alzhir, 35 kms from Astana, which was used as a prison for wives of (male) political prisoners detained in the nearby labouring camps…
Return to your hotel or the airport, depending on your plans.


Day 27

Transfer to the airport, usually at night or in the early morning.

The cost of this program at six persons is €2,550 p.p. at six persons, €2,925 p.p. at four persons, €3.850 p.p. at two persons and €6,175 for solo travellers. For other group sizes please write us for an offer.
Included in the offer are:
– 24 nights of accommodation (plus one night in a train) in simple but good hotels and guesthouses, on the basis of bed & breakfast and in double rooms
– all transfers in by car/minibus and train
– services of English speaking guides during all excursions in Uzbekistan and in Almaty & Astana
– entrance tickets for all nature parks, museums and sites according to the program in Uzbekistan & Kazakhstan
– four lunches and three dinners
– transfers airport-hotel-airport at the start and finish of the program
– visa support for Turkmenistan

Not included in the offer are the international flight tickets, visa for Turkmenistan (cost approx. USD 100), the remaining lunches and dinners, English guidance in Turkmenistan, in Kyrgystan and in Kazakhstan outside Astana & Almaty (optional), and all not mentioned services.
Finally we withhold €15 per booking for the Dutch GGTO Travel Guarantee Fund.



Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan & Kyrgystan


season is May-September


from €2.550 p.p.


27 days