Enormous Variety in Central Asia
Discover the best of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgystan & Kazakhstan
This program visits the highlights and the absolute highlights of the four countries, and makes good sense logistically. The heart of the four countries is felt; the historical treasures in Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, the variety of landscapes and nomadic culture of Kazakhstan and Kyrgystan. We believe the variety of the program is what makes it stand out.
The number of kilometers, or the number of hours, spent in a car or minibus is thereby minimized. The pace is high, but there are several moments included when you take an easy day. Finally, in case of an individual trip, of course adapting the program is possible.
In 2017 having a visa is necessary in three of the four countries, only Kyrgystan has abolished this obligation (in 2012). Kazakhstan as well in 2015 for a number of countries – please check for yourself or inquire with us whether you need a Kazakh visa.
As for Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, you definitely need a visa as well as an invitation, in order to apply for the visa. We can issue this invitation for you (included in the offer). The Turkmen visa can be obtained upon arrival at Ashgabat airport. The Uzbek must be collected in advance. It is wise to start the visa procedures at least one month before departure.
Arrival at the airport of Ashgabat, usually at night or in the early morning. Transfer to your hotel (20 kms at most).
After some rest you will be offered a city tour in Ashgabat, including visits to the neutrality Arch, Independence Park, the National Museum, Nissa site (UNESCO), the Ahalteke and Lenin Monuments and Earthquake Memorial
You will be amazed by the many new, built entirely of white Italian marble, buildings in new parts of Ashgabat!
Transfer to the remarkable village of Nohur in the Kopetdag Mountains, the natural border with Iran. On the way visits to the Turkmenbashi Mosque and Mausoleum, the Geok Depe Mosque and the underground lake (hot springs) of Kowata (swimming is possible).
Arrival in Nohur, populated by a people once arriving from Mesopotamia. It is said here is polygamy is still being practiced here, even allowed secretly during Soviet times! In the afternoon the village is being explored, including a visit to a tribal cemetery and a silk weaving workshop.
Return to Ashgabat and accommodation in the hotel.
Today an early rise because we have to catch a flight to Mary T5-125 at 07:00 o’clock. (flight time and number may vary). Arrival in Mary at 07:40 o’clock. Transfer to Ancient Merv (27 km from Mary) and visits to: Erk Kala (VI century BC), Gyaur Kala (III century BC), Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar (XII century), Big and Small Kiz Kala (VI-VII century AD), Mausoleum of Muhammed ibn Zeid (XII century).
Followed by a visit of the History Museum in Mary, a beautiful new building with a stunning collection artefacts from nearby sites.
Back to the airport to catch the flight to Ashgabat T5-132 at 19:40 o’clock. Arrival in Ashgabat at 20:20 o’clock (flight time and number may vary). Transfer to the hotel and overnight.
In the morning excursions in Ashgabat (or leisure time if desired), after lunch a transfer to the infamous gas crater of Darzawa about halfway down the ‘highway’ from Ashgabat to the north, in the middle of the Karalkum desert. The crater is lit since 1974, when unsuspected geologists believed to ‘just’ burn the gas, and it’s still on fire…
Nowadays, it is an extraordinary and surreal place to camp and that’s what we do today!
You travel about 300 kms through the desert further north, almost into Uzbekistan. Here is the interesting historical site Urgench, a UNESCO protected area, with ruins of mosques, minarets and mausoleums from the time that Konye Urgench was the capital of Khorezm. The changing course of the river Amudarya (which happened frequently) was the reason that Konye Urgench eventually lost its importance.
At the end of the day transfer to Dashoguz (100 km) and accommodation in a hotel.
Nearby Dashoguz you will cross the border with Uzbekistan in the early morning. Border formalities should take in total about one hour.
In Uzbekistan, another driver will be awaiting you and transfer you to some 80 kms away Khiva. You will be checked into the hotel and after lunch will have plenty of time to explore the old town, accompanied by a guide.
Khiva is beautiful and impressive!
A long drive through the Kyzyl Kum desert takes you from Khiva to Bukhara. Along the way you make a photo stop at the Amu Darya, the lifeblood of the area, and have lunch in an oasis. In this part of Uzbekistan, especially near Khiva, the effects of the drying up of the Aral Sea cannot be ignored; the landscape is covered with a thin layer of salt blown away from the bottom of the lake.
In Bukhara you will be accommodated in a hotel in the old town and have free time to het acquainted with it.
While Khiva is basically a (marvellous) open air museum, the old city of Bukhara is bustling and will give you a flavour of what life during the Silk Road times must have looked like.
You have the whole day for exploring Bukhara. The program today includes visits to: Ismael Samani mausoleum (9th-10th century), Chor-Minor, Chashma-Ayub Mausoleums (14th century), Bukhara local bazar. Jewish synagogue. Poli-Kalon ensemble with a minaret (12th century), mosque (15th century), functioning Miri-Arab Madrassah (16th century), Amir-Alim-Khan Madrassah (14c), Taqi (trading houses) Kukeldash Madrassah (16c).
And after lunch: Lyab-i-Hauz (17th century), Nadir Divanbegi (17th century), Magoki Attari (16th century), Ulug Beg (15th century), Abdul Aziz (17th century) Madrassahs. And visits to: the Registan Ensemble, Ark Fortress (16th century) and Bolo-Hauz complex (18th century).
Accommodation once more in a hotel/guesthouse in Bukhara.
In the morning transfer by car or minibus to Samarkand; less desert than the previous route, and more agriculture. Uzbekistan produces an enormous amount of cotton and if you are traveling in the right season, you can work witness people labouring in the fields, perhaps lend them a hand, as well as visiting a cotton factory. You will also visit en route the Summer Palace of the last Emir and an old Karavansarai, from Rabat Malik.
Arrival in Samarkand around 14:00, accommodation and time for lunch. Leisure time in the afternoon.
A day in Samarkand, with lots of blue after the brown of Bukhara. Samarkand is not only a legendary Silk Road city, is also a city with more Soviet influences, and much bigger than Bukhara. Also, unlike Bukhara’s relatively small old town, in Samarkand the distances between the great buildings are significant. You will visit today, if you keep up with it:
– Guri-Emir mausoleum where legendary Amir Temur and his family are buried.
– Registan Square-famous complex of three Madrasahs and the golden dome mosque.
– Bibi Khanum Mosque – the largest mosque ever building over in Central Asia, as a gift from Tamerlame’s wife to her husband!
– Siyab local bazaar – a unique chance to experience present life in Samarkand
– Shahi – Zinda necropolis, a sacred place and cemetery with the graves of Temured’s dynasty and the grave of a cousin of the Prophet Muhammad.
– The Observatory of Ulugbek – an incredible (really!) structure from the 15th century to study astronomy.
In the early evening transfer by a modern and fast train (3 hours) to the capital Tashkent. Transfer to a hotel and accommodation.
Tashkent was the fourth largest city in the former Soviet Union, and is the capital of present-day Uzbekistan. The city was heavily damaged in 1966 by a powerful earthquake and still exudes the atmosphere of the Soviet Union for a large part. In the morning you will get to know the city in a tour.
In the afternoon a transfer to the Fergana Valley, the most fertile and densely populated part of the country, across a mountain ridge. The end station today is the city of Kokand. There you will visit a.o. the restored palace of the last Khan of the Kokand state, which existed until 1876. (Even in 1917-1918, there was still an independent state Kokand!).
We move deeper into the Fergana valley today. You first visit a ceramics factory in Rishdan. Uzbeks excel in different types of crafts (wood, stone, silk, wool), and today you can enjoy it. You will also learn about the history of the valley.
After lunch you will visit the town of Margilan (near the city of Fergana), even for residents of Fergana a conservative stronghold. But, besides remarkably many bicycles (!) will find a very hospitable people and visit factories where silk is still woven the traditional way, even with machines that were used during World War II to manufacture parachutes!
You end up today in the city of Fergana, where you can explore the city, including the local bazaar and the historical museum.
The Kyrgyz city of Osh, also the main city of southwestern Kyrgyzstan, is situated on the edge of the Fergana Valley. Stalin here randomly drew up the borders with the result that on both sides of the border many Kyrgyz, Uzbeks and also Tadjiks now live. In addition there are many enclaves with inhabitants that belong to another country… A patchwork of people, and it is not surprising that sometimes there hase been are unrest in the valley.
You start the day in Fergana, Uzbekistan, cross the nearby border to Kyrgyzstan and arrive not much later in Osh. There you can visit among others the famous and enormous bazaar.
Accommodation in a hotel or homestay in Osh.
The first day of a mini-tour of five days, right through the heart of Kyrgyzstan to the Issyk Kul lake. When you are travelling this route in the summer, between June and mid-September, you can also visit the Son Kul lake and the plateau with the same name, to witness the life of the summer nomads.
Today is the longest stage, and when you start at 9 am, including all stops en route, you’ll be arriving late afternoon in the town of Toktogul, located on a lake with the same name. A beautiful route through the canyon of the broad Naryn River.
Accommodation in a homestay in Toktugul.
Another day through the rugged mountain landscapes of central Kyrgyzstan, from Toktogul to Kyzyl Oy. The day is dedicated to enjoying the scenery, and to experience rural Kyrgyz life on the way. You cross a high pass, perhaps covered with snow, and at the end of the day you see red canyons.
Accommodation in the small town of Kyzyl Oy, after arrival in the afternoon, in a homestay.
Today no long transfers, but a relaxing day at the Son Kul lake plateau, experiencing life of the summer nomads at the lake and on the grasslands, at an altitude of 3,000 meters. You can go for a walk, ride a horse, or simply relax.
Overnight stay in a yurt. Today, lunch and dinner are included.
From the Son Kul lake, we start with the last ‘real’ mountain stage, through the town of Kochkor to the south side of the Issyk Kul Lake. Here you can feel free to take a dive in the crystal clear and fresh water, at one of the many quiet beaches.
We end the day in a small yurtcamp near the lake and just after the town of Bokonbaeva. Dinner and accommodation.
We continue along the south side of Issyk Kul, passing and enjoying the red rock formations in the Jeti Oguz canyon, down to the town of Karakol. After a few days of primitive overnights in yurts and tents, this is finally a more comfortable accommodation, in a homestay in this quiet town!
Short visits to the attractions of Karakol if time permits, or possibly the next day. These are the beautiful Russian Orthodox church and a Dungan mosque that looks more like a Chinese temple. Near Karakol is a park containing the tomb, a monument and museum dedicated to the Russian explorer Przwalsky.
From Karakol we travel to the border crossing with Kazakhstan at Karakara, on a plateau where in summer the herds graze with nomads on their horses guarding them, living in yurts with their families. Please note, this border at Karakara was long closed for many years by the Kazakhs, is newly opened in 2013 and only between May 1 and September 1! We make good use of this picturesque border crossing.
Arrival in the village Saty, near the first Kolsai lake where you can walk and/or ride horse tomorrow. Overnight in a friendly Kazakh homestay.
The three Kolsai lakes invite walking, horse riding, swimming and fishing. The first mountain lake is situated at 1800 meters and is the largest. The second is 14 kms away, including an increase of 450 meters, a challenging hike (and back!) for a day. Unless you opt for a spectacular horseback ride – not for cautious types!
You end the day in the homestay in Saty at the local Kazakh family.
The Altyn Emel nature park north of Almaty mainly consists of semi-desert. Possible you will notice the interesting wildlife – wild donkeys and gazelles – and climb (or view) the Singing Dune, a huge sand mountain in the middle of a landscape where it stands out completely and where nobody knows how it got there. History is present in the national park by the Besshatyr Dead City. You end the day in the former capital of Almaty. Accommodation in a hotel!
A city tour is programmed after lunch, including visits to Panfilov Park and the Zenkov cathedral, the neighboring museum of traditional musical instruments, the Central Museum, and the mountains surrounding the Medeo sports complex. Almaty is situated beautifully against the backdrop of snow-capped mountains, which are visible throughout the year.
Return to the city, and, after dinner, transfer to the train station in order to catch the modern and fast nighttrain to Astana!
In the early morning early you will arrive in Astana, and be transfered to a hotel.
Astana, the new capital of Kazakhstan – since 1997 – and it grows boisterous. It is the showcase of the new Kazakhstan and the new part of the city shows a a range of fantastic buildings. On the one hand, the city is similar to Ashgabat in Turkmenistan – your starting point- in the sense of its concept, on the other hand the architecture is completely different.
There is also attention to the old Astana but especially the new part is interesting. If time permits you will also visit the museum Alzhir, 35 kms from Astana, which was used as a prison for wives of (male) political prisoners detained in the nearby labouring camps…
Return to your hotel or the airport, depending on your plans. End of the program! Transfer to the airport at night.
The cost of this program at six persons is USD 3,295 p.p., at four persons USD 3,695 p.p. and at two persons USD 4,850. For other group sizes please write us for an offer.
Included in the offer are:
– 24 nights of accommodation (plus one night in a train) in simple but good hotels and guesthouses, on the basis of bed & breakfast and in double rooms
– all transfers in by car/minibus
– services of English speaking guides during all excursions
– entrance tickets for all nature parks, museums and sites according to the program
– ten lunches and nine dinners
– transfers airport-hotel-airport at the start and finish of the program
– visa support for Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan (Kazakhstan and Kyrgystan and visa-free for most countries)
Not included in the offer are the international flight tickets, visa for Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan (cost resp. USD 100 and USD 75 approx.), the remaining lunches and dinners, and all not mentioned services.
Finally we withhold USD 20 per booking for the Dutch GGTO Travel Guarantee Fund.
|Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan & Kyrgystan|
|uo to you, season is May-September|
|from USD 3,295 p.p. ex. flights|